The Asian hornet is only getting hungry for fresh bees and larvae in high-summer. And that is now.

Asian hornet nest (source)

Little groups of hornets hang in front of the hive and attack the honey bees that want to fly in and out. If the bee population has lost a lot of bees, the hornets can enter the hive and eat the larvae as well.

The Asian hornet, Latin name: vespa velutina, is originally from Southeast Asia. In 2004 the first specimens arrived in France with a shipload of bonsai trees. The invasive wasp soon spread across Europe. You recognize her by the black body with a yellow band and the yellow legs. She does not differ much in behavior from the European hornet (vespa crabro). It is also a large wasp, of which only the queen hibernates. In the spring she starts a colony. Hornets build large nests, usually in rural areas, and live from (rotten) fruit, nectar, tree juices, larvae and insects. Honey bees can handle the European hornets, but they cannot defend themselves against the Asians. Allowing these ladies to really slaughter whole colonies.

How to protect the honey bees against the Asian hornet?

• Immediately report the location if you have seen a hornet nest. In Portugal you can do this on a special portal: www.stopvespa.pt and a pdf with instructions on how to report them.
We had some difficulty reporting observations through this portal; you can also pass it on to the town hall or the local beekeeping association. All member states of the European Union are obliged to combat the Asian hornet. So after reporting, the nest will be destroyed during the night with a telescopic flame thrower.

Uitbranden hoornaar nest (bron RTP) doorsnede van een groot nest van de aziatisch hoornaar (bron pestcontrol company)
the electrocute harp

• Here in Portugal, some beekeepers protect their bee colonies against the hornet with an electric fence, which they call harp. The bees fly through it, but the hornet is wider, touches the wires and is then electrocuted.

• In addition, you can keep the opening of the hives small so the hornet cannot enter. You can also make a wired basket around the opening; honey bees can get to the hive opening, but the hornets cannot.

• Do not paint your hive boxes yellow, yellow attracts hornets. (This doesn’t help 100%, because the mainly orientate on their sense of smell, which is very strong. )

• Start having chickens and let them roam freely around the hives. Chickens are good hornet catchers, especially chickens of the Janzé breed seem to be very good at it.

• Put some hornet traps up. Especially in the early spring, when chances are high for killing the hibernated queens. They will no longer be able to start a nest that will later produce hundreds of hornets. After spring it still worths using traps, to lure the hornets away from the hives and reduce the number of bees they kill.
It will probably help when you paint the traps yellow to attract the hornets more.

Our neighbour made these traps and hung them near our property and gave us one to hang by the hive. It’s a simpler design than the one I made, but you have to have just as nice a tube to stick it through a bottle.

Making a hornet trap

As I wrote in a previous post, we received a number of traps from Mónica, the local beekeeper adviser. They are very simple to make. You only need two plastic bottles, a piece of iron wire, a stapler, a pair of scissors, a knife and a drill and 10 minutes time. In this video I show how you do it

Make your own hornet trap and put it up in your garden/street/park/forest/meadow.

And this bate goes in the hornet trap:

From February to June you can fill the hornet trap with apple juice or with the following cocktail:
– 1 liter of white wine
– 0.5 liters of beer
– 0.2 grenadine syrup
– a shot of spirits

From July to September you use this cocktail:
– 1 liter of water
– 200 grams of sugar
– 12 grams of baker’s yeast (dry)

Update Sept 2020: Quite frankly, we are not impressed by the number of hornets we catch with the summer cocktail. It seems to take a few days before the hornets are drawn to it. But in the meantime, you have already caught a lot of moths and flies with it.
One of our readers said he had more success with meat. We hardly eat that. I tried it with some minced beef, but it didn’t work well either.
Yesterday I saw an alternative on youtube; mix a little water with 3 tablespoons of honey. The trap was completely full in 1 day. I will try that now. In the meantime, we are also beating the hornets to death with our homemade hornet-smacker:

Useful Portuguese words:

Asian hornetVespa Velutina/ Vespa Asiática
to killmatar
nestninho
queenrainha
to destroydestruir
yellowamarela
traparmadilha
grenadine syrupgroselha
beercerveja
white winevinho branco
apple juicesumo de maçã
sugaraçucar
baker’s yeastfermento padeiro

July 30, 2019


share:

Tags:

10 Comments

  1. Sorry, There’s a mistake, the word Queen : Rainha.
    Thanks for the useful information about this belutina.

  2. Hi.
    I have 3 hives and the Asian wasp discover them.
    I placed several traps and captured a few.
    I don’t know where the nest is.
    There are 3 big trees close but I can’t look threw the leaves if the nest is there.
    How can I get help deeling with them?
    I placed meet in two traps and sugar, yiest and water in two more. I catched 3 Asian wasp on the meet trap, none on the yiest…
    How can I report it, the link is not working.
    I am close to celorico da Beira in guarda district.

    1. Hi Shay,
      Thanks for your comment. I am afraid I can’t help you. The vespas are not attracted to the yeast at the moment, we have the same problem.
      Are the vespas in the hives? Then i would advise to narrow the entrances.
      Sorry the link doesn’t work. I’ll check that tonight.
      As you can see in our latest bee post, we are smacking the hornets one by one… https://www.asrolhas.com/en/beekeeping-portugal-4/

  3. hi Dona.
    thank you.
    the vespas are hovering outside the entrance, i will narrow the openings…
    as i understand, the yeast will work on the quins just before winter. right?

    1. I am not sure about the best time to put yeast in the traps.
      Our neighbour is now also making traps with yeast, sugar and water. But I am not impressed by the amount of vespas he catches. The bee-specialists advise to use it now though…
      Have you already seen those electric harps, they sell to kill the vespas? Here is an example (i didn’t watch the whole video myself) to give you an idea. I am not convinced if it works well.
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gaAtDH6FwNw
      To conclude: It is very difficult to find the nests of the vespas, you said that you suspect they are in the trees near your land, but that doesn’t necessarily has to be. Vespas can also have the nest in the old terrace walls, or in the ground. You can not report when you see the hornets, you can only report a nest.

  4. thanks…
    do you know where can i buy this fence?
    btw, i catch them in a trap with meet as bait..

    1. Hi Shay,
      Probably at the local beekeepers association office ( i gave you the link the other day).
      Or try olx.pt. Since we don’t live close to you, I wouldn’t know this in your area.

  5. You have to find the nest. We know that if you set up a bait, attract the hornets and mark a couple using a beekeeping marking pen and a queen catcher. Release back onto the bait. The hornet needs to fly from the bait to the nest and then back again. For every minute that the hornet is away, the nest is about 100m away. It does not hold true for the low flight times. When the hornet returns at about 1 min, the nest is about 25m away. Through this method, triangulation and following the flight line you find the nest.

    1. That’s an interesting trick, Alastair. Thanks for sharing!
      Did you find some nests this way?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *